The 21st-century world, with it’s changing choices and lifestyle, is prey to weight gain and obesity. Obesity represents nothing but threats to human health inviting a chain of diseases and challenges in day to day life. As a result of obesity, metabolic disorders are on a rising side across the globe. According to recent studies, 20% of people in India are obese, making us the country with the world’s largest diabetic population. Since there is a correlation between metabolic diseases (diabetes), metabolic syndrome, and obesity, the medical field is making a number of attempts to resolve it.
Though non-surgical treatments like exercise and caloric restriction work fairly good for people with a BMI of less than 32.5, it doesn’t work really well for people with a BMI of more than 32.5 who are morbidly obese.
We at Bhatwal Surgical and Maternity Hospital are well aware of the social and psychological stress that morbidly obese individuals / patients go through in day to day life. We become a part of their lives to help them bring a remarkable change in their journey towards normalcy.
Bariatric surgery is a treatment for morbid obesity, a condition that can lead to the development of many serious metabolic diseases and other health problems, such as diabetes (type 2), hypertension, respiratory problems, cardiovascular disease, sleep apnoea, and skeletal joint problems. By providing significant weight loss, bariatric surgery helps patients to treat many of the associated illnesses.
Diabetes (type 2) is a brilliant example of obesity-related metabolic issues that can be efficiently treated with Bariatric- Metabolic surgical procedures. It may or may not have a direct relation with weight-loss and reduction of obesity. That’s when Bariatric surgery evolves as bariatric and metabolic surgery. By performing this surgical procedure, the metabolic operations thoroughly influence the hormonal secretion and hence over-all well-being.
With Bariatric and Metabolic surgeries in place, there is a remarkable change in the perception of metabolic disorders like diabetes (type 2), hypertension, and heart strokes from the experts. Most bariatric surgeons, diabetologists, and other medical specialists believe that disorders like diabetes (type 2), have evolved from initially a medical disease to a condition where bariatric surgeons have a major role to play in the management of the health conditions of the patient.
There are three different types of Bariatric procedures which are done by laparoscopy/keyhole surgeries that offer all the mentioned advantages depending upon the purpose of the surgery and the condition to be treated: